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Photon Science Roadmap- for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Photon Community
Majed Chergui - elected to the European Academy of Sciences
Ruth Signorell - elected to the European Academy of Sciences
Proof of concept ERC Grant for Ursula Keller Dual-comb laser driven terahertz spectrometer for industrial sensing (DC-THz)
Farewell and Welcome!Chris Milne leaves for the European XFEL, Camila Bacellar takes over
SY-GAIA expedition - measures aerosols in the North-Atlantic
Synergy grants for MUST-AssociatesSylvie Roke (EPFL) and Gebhard Schertler (PSI/ETH).
Promotion to Associate Professor of Photonicscongratulations to Rachel Grange!
First light in the SwissFEL Maloja endstation- on track for first experiments in 2021
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Chergui, Milne, Wörner, Vaníček and Röthlisberger

Hans Jakob Wörner / Jean-Pierre Wolf and co-workers: Direct Amplitude Shaping of High Harmonics in the Extreme Ultraviolet

February 15, 2013

Direct shaping of attosecond pulse trains after their generation using a reflective micromirror array based on micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) technology

In the XUV, waveform control of attosecond pulses and high-harmonics (HH) was limited to some indirect manipulation of the HH generation process, so that complete control of phase and amplitude of each harmonic individually was impossible. In the framework of our MUST-collaboration, we recently demonstrated direct shaping of attosecond pulse trains after their generation using a reflective micromirror array based on micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) technology. We showed independent control over the intensity of each high harmonic (H11 to H23) in the observed range (14-36 eV), resulting in extensive control over the temporal structure of the attosecond pulses in the train.
As next step, we will investigate the applications of shaped XUV waveforms in experiments on electron dynamics in atoms and molecules. The role of both amplitude and phase shaping will be studied by reflecting the XUV spectrum back onto the concave grating using a reflective 4f-configuration in order to recombine the modulated spectral components. Our work might lay the foundations for the first coherent control experiments of core and valence electrons on attosecond timescales.

Further readings: “Direct Amplitude Shaping of High Harmonics in the Extreme Ultraviolet”, D. Kiselev, P. M. Kraus, L. Bonacina, H.J. Wörner, J.P. Wolf, OpticsExpress 20(23), 25843-25849 (2012)

Wolf-Figure1

Figure: (A) High-harmonic pulse shaping experiment in the XUV: The HH generated in the gas jet are spectrally dispersed and focused onto a MCP detector via a reflective linear micromirror array (MEMS), which can individually control the reflection angle of each HH separately and deviate it onto a spatial filter (mask). The red line shows the unshaped spectrum (shifted vertically for clarity) and the blue line shows maximal attenuation of H11. (B) Progressive amplitude shaping of H11 from 0 to 100%, by tilting 0, 2 and 6 mirrors (from left to right) (C) Temporal waveforms assuming a flat spectral phase corresponding to the left-most spectrum in panel B (maximal attenuation of H11) or to the right-most spectrum in panel B (no attenuation of H11)



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