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New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Chergui, Milne and Wörner
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Promotion to full professorcongratulations to Steve Johnson!
The Laser at 60: Ursula KellerOPN interviewed OSA Fellows
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Prix de l'innovation AGROVINA 2020- for Agrolase: detecting spores of pathogens in real time
Ruth Signorell receives the Humboldt Prize- awarded in recognition of outstanding achievements in research and teaching

Hans Jakob Wörner / Jean-Pierre Wolf and co-workers: Direct Amplitude Shaping of High Harmonics in the Extreme Ultraviolet

February 15, 2013

Direct shaping of attosecond pulse trains after their generation using a reflective micromirror array based on micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) technology

In the XUV, waveform control of attosecond pulses and high-harmonics (HH) was limited to some indirect manipulation of the HH generation process, so that complete control of phase and amplitude of each harmonic individually was impossible. In the framework of our MUST-collaboration, we recently demonstrated direct shaping of attosecond pulse trains after their generation using a reflective micromirror array based on micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) technology. We showed independent control over the intensity of each high harmonic (H11 to H23) in the observed range (14-36 eV), resulting in extensive control over the temporal structure of the attosecond pulses in the train.
As next step, we will investigate the applications of shaped XUV waveforms in experiments on electron dynamics in atoms and molecules. The role of both amplitude and phase shaping will be studied by reflecting the XUV spectrum back onto the concave grating using a reflective 4f-configuration in order to recombine the modulated spectral components. Our work might lay the foundations for the first coherent control experiments of core and valence electrons on attosecond timescales.

Further readings: “Direct Amplitude Shaping of High Harmonics in the Extreme Ultraviolet”, D. Kiselev, P. M. Kraus, L. Bonacina, H.J. Wörner, J.P. Wolf, OpticsExpress 20(23), 25843-25849 (2012)

Wolf-Figure1

Figure: (A) High-harmonic pulse shaping experiment in the XUV: The HH generated in the gas jet are spectrally dispersed and focused onto a MCP detector via a reflective linear micromirror array (MEMS), which can individually control the reflection angle of each HH separately and deviate it onto a spatial filter (mask). The red line shows the unshaped spectrum (shifted vertically for clarity) and the blue line shows maximal attenuation of H11. (B) Progressive amplitude shaping of H11 from 0 to 100%, by tilting 0, 2 and 6 mirrors (from left to right) (C) Temporal waveforms assuming a flat spectral phase corresponding to the left-most spectrum in panel B (maximal attenuation of H11) or to the right-most spectrum in panel B (no attenuation of H11)



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