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29.01.2020 - 31.01.2020, ETH Hönggerberg, Zürich
29.01.2020 - 31.01.2020, DESY-Hamburg and European XFEL, Schenefeld, Germany
01.02.2020 - 02.02.2020, Renaissance Tuscany Il Ciocco, Lucca, Italy


Ruth Signorell receives the Humboldt Prize- awarded in recognition of outstanding achievements in research and teaching
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Keller, Chergui, Richardson / Vanicek, Wörner, Castiglioni / Osterwalder / Hengsberger / van Bokhoven
Ursula Keller wins the SPIE 2020 Gold Medal- awarded in recognition of outstanding engineering or scientific accomplishments
Nobel Prize winner Gerard Mourou - Physics Colloquium 11.12.19: Passion Extreme Light
Paths to a professorship – 23 interviews
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Peter Hamm, Ursula Keller, Jörg Standfuss, and Fabrizio Carbone

Genuine binding energy of the hydrated electron

April 28, 2017

A combined photoelectron study on water droplets and a liquid water microjet reveals for the first time the influence of electron scattering on the binding energy and the photoelectron anisotropy of the hydrated electron

The unknown influence of inelastic and elastic scattering of slow electrons in water has made it difficult to clarify the role of the solvated electron in radiation chemistry and biology. We combine accurate scattering simulations with experimental photoemission spectroscopy of the hydrated electron in a liquid water microjet, with the aim of resolving ambiguities regarding the influence of electron scattering on binding energy spectra, photoelectron angular distributions, and probing depths. The scattering parameters used in the simulations are retrieved from independent photoemission experiments of water droplets. For the ground-state hydrated electron, we report genuine values devoid of scattering contributions for the vertical binding energy and the anisotropy parameter of 3.7 ± 0.1 eV and 0.6 ± 0.2, respectively. Our probing depths suggest that even vacuum ultraviolet probing is not particularly surface-selective. Our work demonstrates the importance of quantitative scattering simulations for a detailed analysis of key properties of the hydrated electron.

Fig. 2 Experimental and simulated photoelectron spectra of eaq. Photoelectron kinetic energy distributions for 12 different ionization laser energies 3.6 eV ≤ hν ≤ 13.6 eV. All spectra are normalized to the same maximum intensity. (A) Experimental spectra. (B) Scattering simulations.

Reference:  Luckhaus, D., Y.-i. Yamamoto, T. Suzuki and R. Signorell (2017). Genuine binding energy of the hydrated electron. Sci. Adv. 3. (10.1126/sciadv.1603224) Luckhaus-2017 (377 KB).

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