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News

MUST2022 Conference- succesfully concluded
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Chergui and Richardson
FELs of Europe prize for Jeremy Rouxel- “Development or innovative use of advanced instrumentation in the field of FELs”
Ruth Signorell wins Doron prizefor pioneering contributions to the field of fundamental aerosol science
New FAST-Fellow Uwe Thumm at ETH- lectures on Topics in Femto- and Attosecond Science
International Day of Women and Girls in Science- SSPh asked female scientists about their experiences
New scientific highlight- by MUST PIs Milne, Standfuss and Schertler
EU XFEL Young Scientist Award for Camila Bacellar,beamline scientist and group leader of the Alvra endstation at SwissFEL
Prizes for Giulia Mancini and Rebeca Gomez CastilloICO/IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Optics & Ernst Haber 2021
Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded to RESOLV Member Benjamin List- for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis
NCCR MUST at Scientifica 2021- Lightning, organic solar cells, and virtual molecules
#NCCRWomen- NCCR MUST celebrates 50 years women’s right to vote in Switzerland
Kick-Off dynaMENT Mentoring for Women in Natural Sciences- with Ursula Keller as plenary speaker

Ultrafast Transient Increase of Oxygen Octahedral Rotations in a Perovskite

August 9, 2019  (more to follow)

Via femtosecond hard x-ray diffraction we identified a perovskite system that complements the rare selection of materials in which a symmetry broken phase can be transiently stabilized by photoexcitation. EuTiO3 exhibits a second order purely structural phase transition (TC = 290 K) which is characterized by an antiferrodistortive rotation of the oxygen octahedra (see figure, left unit cell) with the rotation angle being the order parameter. We directly monitor this angle upon photoexcitation across the band gap (data points) via x-ray pulses obtained from a FEL. Within the first few-hundred femtoseconds after excitation we observe a transient increase of rotation angle. This stands in contrast to the situation of an increased temperature for which the order parameter decreases. We ascribe the surprising increase of the order parameter to a transient effective change of ionic sizes that transforms directly into an ultrafast change of the Goldschmidt tolerance factor. The ability to modify the Goldschmidt tolerance factor provides another tuning parameter to control electronic and magnetic properties of perovskites on ultrafast timescales.

Reference: M. Porer, M. Fechner, M. Kubli, M.J. Neugebauer, S. Parchenko, V. Espositio, A. Narayan, N. A. Spaldin, R. Huber, M. Radovic, E. M. Bothschafter, J. M. Glownia, T. Sato, S. Song, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub.
Phys. Rev. Research 1. 012005 (R) (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.1.01005
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