Forthcoming Events

21.05.2018 - 25.05.2018, CECAM-ES, Madrid, Spain
26.05.2018 - 26.05.2018, Universität Zürich Zentrum , KOH -B-10 Rämistrasse bei 71, Zürich

News

Ursula Keller: Nomination for European Inventor Award 2018Ursula Keller is nominated for the Lifetime Achievement Award for Ultrafast pulsed Lasers
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Ursula Keller, Thomas Feuer, Majed Chergui, Hans Jakob Wörner, Jean-Pierre Wolf and Ursula Röthlisberger
ERC Advanced Grants for Ursula Keller and Ruth Signorell- a major success for women scientists in the NCCR MUST
ETH WPF General Assembly - 28 March 2018Video-conferencing in Zürich and Lausanne
Thomas Feuer: Vortrag über THz Strahlung (in German)- in der Physikalischen Gesellschaft Zürich (PGZ)
Ursula Keller awarded the IEEE Photonics Award 2018 -for her work as a pioneer in the field of ultrafast lasers
Jean-Pierre Wolf to Receive ZEISS Research Award - for his groundbreaking application of laser pulses in researching the earth’s atmosphere
Majed Chergui elected to the Royal Academy of Sciences of Spain - as successor to Ahmed Zewail (1999 Chemistry Nobel Laureate)
GAP-Biophotonics with Jean-Pierre Wolf-visited by the Grand Conseil of Geneva
Special Issue of Structural Dynamics on the NCCR MUST- with 10 reviews and 2 perspectives
First time resolved Pilot Experiment by SwissFEL (30.11.2017)Semiconductor to metal transition in Ti3O5 nanocrystals
The world's shortest laser pulse- pulse duration of 43 attoseconds (Hans Jakob Wörner)
Sicherer durchs Gewitter fliegen- flying safely through lightning (Jean Pierre Wolf)

Research overview

The Grand Challenges aim at increasing our understanding of molecules, liquids, and solids, at the level of electrons and atoms, and define two main research strategies. First, Structural Dynamics, which includes all theoretical and technological developments and scientific questions that are concerned with dynamic rearrangements of both the electronic charge distribution and the position of atomic constituents upon photo-excitation. Second, Charge, Energy, and Signal Transfer, which includes, for example, electron transfer reactions, but also signal transport within proteins.

Briefly, the Grand Challenges are:
  • First-principles molecular dynamics simulations of ultrafast processes,
  • protein dynamics from the electronic system to the scaffold,
  • properties of biological, interfacial, and bulk water as an important part of proteins in their natural environment,
  • charge transfer mechanisms, such as attosecond electron dynamics or bimolecular electron transfer,
  • controlling the dynamics of molecules in solution, at surfaces, and at interfaces and solids through tailored light pulses,
  • valence order in strongly correlated electron systems.
The SwissFEL X-ray laser, which is now well underway at PSI and is planned to go into operation by the end of 2017 (middle of MUST Phase II), will be a powerful tool for ultrafast structural and X-ray spectroscopic studies of chemical and biochemical systems. The sub-nm spatial resolution and chemical specificity provided by the XFEL represent an ideal extension of the laser-spectroscopic methods developed in MUST, and many MUST PIs are directly involved in planning the SwissFEL experimental program. On the other hand, the realization of ultrafast time-resolved scattering and spectroscopic methods at SwissFEL benefits greatly from the knowledge and experience being generated within MUST. This is true in terms of the properties and concepts important in ultrafast chemistry, the experimental methods pertinent to ultrafast spectroscopy and the theoretical techniques needed to model ultrafast interactions.
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In 2017, the NCCR MUST researchers wrote 12 collaborative review articles for a special issue of Structural Dynamics. The collection of articles in this special issue is intended to summarize and review the research carried out within the NCCR MUST and also to give perspectives for future research directions.

Feurer, T. and U. Keller (2017). Preface to Swiss National Center of Competence in Research: Molecular Ultrafast Science and Technology. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061401. (10.1063/1.5018454) Feurer-2017.

Karandashev, K., Z.-H. Xu, M. Meuwly, J. Vaníček and J. O. Richardson (2017). Kinetic isotope effects and how to describe them. Structural Dynamics 4: 061501. (10.1063/1.4996339) Karandashev-2017.

Gallmann, L., I. Jordan, H. J. Wörner, L. Castiglioni, M. Hengsberger, J. Osterwalder, C. A. Arrell, M. Chergui, E. Liberatore, U. Röthlisberger and U. Keller (2017). Photoemission and photoionization time delays and rates. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061502. (10.1063/1.4997175) Gallmann-2017.

Teuscher, J., J. C. Brauer, A. Stepanov, A. Solano, A. Boziki, M. Chergui, J.-P. Wolf, U. Röthlisberger, N. Banerji and J.-E. Moser (2017). Charge separation and carrier dynamics in donor-acceptor heterojunction photovoltaic systems. Structural Dynamics 4: 061503. (10.1063/1.4996409) Teuscher-2017.

Carbone, F., M. Hengsberger, L. Castiglioni and J. Osterwalder (2017). Femtosecond manipulation of spins, charges, and ions in nanostructures, thin films, and surfaces. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061504. (10.1063/1.4995541) Carbone-2017.

Crassee, I., L. Gallmann, G. Gäumann, M. Matthews, H. Yanagisawa, T. Feurer, M. Hengsberger, U. Keller, J. Osterwalder, H. J. Wörner and J. P. Wolf (2017). Strong field transient manipulation of electronic states and bands. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061505. (10.1063/1.4996424) Crassee-2017.

Johnson, S. L., M. Savoini, P. Beaud, G. Ingold, U. Staub, F. Carbone, L. Castiglioni, M. Hengsberger and J. Osterwalder (2017). Watching ultrafast responses of structure and magnetism in condensed matter with momentum-resolved probes. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061506. (10.1063/1.4996176) Johnson-2017.

El Hage, K., S. Brickel, S. Hermelin, G. Gaulier, C. Schmidt, L. Bonacina, S. C. van Keulen, S. Bhattacharyya, M. Chergui, P. Hamm, U. Rothlisberger, J.-P. Wolf and M. Meuwly (2017). Implications of short time scale dynamics on long time processes. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061507. (10.1063/1.4996448) El-Hage-2017.

Wörner, H. J., C. A. Arrell, N. Banerji, A. Cannizzo, M. Chergui, A. K. Das, P. Hamm, U. Keller, P. M. Kraus, E. Liberatore, P. Lopez-Tarifa, M. Lucchini, M. Meuwly, C. Milne, J.-E. Moser, U. Röthlisberger, G. Smolentsev, J. Teuscher, J. A. van Bokhoven and O. Wenger (2017). Charge migration and charge transfer in molecular systems. Structural Dynamics 4: 061508. (10.1063/1.4996505) Worner-2017.

Antipov, S. V., S. Bhattacharyya, K. El Hage, Z.-H. Xu, M. Meuwly, U. Röthlisberger and J. Vaníček (2017). Ultrafast dynamics induced by the interaction of molecules with electromagnetic fields: Several quantum, semiclassical, and classical approaches. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061509. (10.1063/1.4996559) Antipov-2017.

Bircher, M. P., E. Liberatore, N. J. Browning, S. Brickel, C. Hofmann, A. Patoz, O. T. Unke, T. Zimmermann, M. Chergui, P. Hamm, U. Keller, M. Meuwly, H.-J. Wörner, J. Vaníček and U. Röthlisberger (2017). Nonadiabatic effects in electronic and nuclear dynamics. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061510. (10.1063/1.4996816) Bircher-2017.

Hamm, P., M. Meuwly, S. L. Johnson, P. Beaud and U. Staub (2017). Perspective: THz-driven nuclear dynamics from solids to molecules. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061601. (10.1063/1.4992050) Hamm-2017.

Abela, R., P. Beaud, J. A. van Bokhoven, M. Chergui, T. Feurer, J. Haase, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, G. Knopp, H. Lemke, C. J. Milne, B. Pedrini, P. Radi, G. Schertler, J. Standfuss, U. Staub and L. Patthey (2017). Perspective: Opportunities for ultrafast science at SwissFEL. Struct. Dynam. 4: 061602. (10.1063/1.4997222) Abela-2017.
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NCCR MUST Office : ETHZ IQE/ULP-HPT H3 | Auguste-Piccard-Hof 1 | 8093 Zurich | E-Mail | +41 44 633 36 02
The National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCR) are a research instrument of the Swiss National Science Foundation
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