Ursula Keller wins “Swiss Nobel” Marcel Benoist Prize- for pioneering work in ultrafast lasers
MUST2022 Conference- a great success!
New scientific highlights- by MUST PIs Wörner, Chergui, and Richardson
FELs of Europe prize for Jeremy Rouxel- “Development or innovative use of advanced instrumentation in the field of FELs”
Ruth Signorell wins Doron prizefor pioneering contributions to the field of fundamental aerosol science
New FAST-Fellow Uwe Thumm at ETH- lectures on Topics in Femto- and Attosecond Science
International Day of Women and Girls in Science- SSPh asked female scientists about their experiences
New scientific highlight- by MUST PIs Milne, Standfuss and Schertler
EU XFEL Young Scientist Award for Camila Bacellar,beamline scientist and group leader of the Alvra endstation at SwissFEL
Prizes for Giulia Mancini and Rebeca Gomez CastilloICO/IUPAP Young Scientist Prize in Optics & Ernst Haber 2021
Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded to RESOLV Member Benjamin List- for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis
NCCR MUST at Scientifica 2021- Lightning, organic solar cells, and virtual molecules

Rafael Abela: Experimental Demonstration of a Soft X-Ray Self-Seeded Free-Electron Laser

February 26, 2015

The Linac Coherent Light Source has added a self-seeding capability to the soft x-ray range using a grating monochromator system 

The construction of x-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) driven by self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) has pushed the brightness of x-ray sources by a remarkable 10 orders of magnitude [1,2]. Despite the relatively monochromatic output (typically bandwidth is on the order of 0.2%–0.5% of the fundamental energy), many types of experiments benefit from even narrower bandwidth; the ability to target and measure fine energy structure in combination with femtosecond pulse length enables new opportunities in time-resolved x-ray spectroscopy.

Ratner, D., Abela, R., Amann, J., Behrens, C., Bohler, D., Bouchard, G., Bostedt, C., Boyes, M., Chow, K., Cocco, D., Decker, F.J., Ding, Y., Eckman, C., Emma, P., Fairley, D., Feng, Y., Field, C., Flechsig, U., Gassner, G., Hastings, J., Heimann, P., Huang, Z., Kelez, N., Krzywinski, J., Loos, H., Lutman, A., Marinelli, A., Marcus, G., Maxwell, T., Montanez, P., Moeller, S., Morton, D., Nuhn, H.D., Rodes, N., Schlotter, W., Serkez, S., Stevens, T., Turner, J., Walz, D., Welch, J., and Wu, J. (2015) Experimental Demonstration of a Soft X-Ray Self-Seeded Free-Electron Laser. Phys Rev Lett 114, 054801 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.054801)

Figure 1. Schematic of the SXRSS system (not to scale). Shot noise from randomly distributed electrons generates 1–5 μJ
of relatively wide bandwidth SASE radiation in the first string of undulators (grey line). The seeding monochromator, consisting of a
grating (G), three mirrors (M1;M2;M3), and an adjustable slit, selects a small bandwidth (green line) while the electron chicane directs the electron bunch around the monochromator and resets the electron beam to shot noise. Finally, the overlap diagnostics (BOD10 and BOD13) coalign electrons and monochromatic x rays in the second half of the FEL. Pulse energies are shown for a nominal electron bunch with a charge of 150 pC, and duration of 100 fs, but other parameter ranges are also possible.

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